What are the most common sports injuries?

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These are the most common sports injuries that need attention in order to heal properly. Some can be treated at home and some require a trip to the doctor.  

Injuries that result from a fall on a hard surface that causes outer layers of skin to rub off.  

Achilles Tendon Rupture
The exact cause of rupture of the Achilles tendon is not known. As with Achilles tendonitis, tight or weak calf muscles may contribute to the potential for a rupture.  

Ankle Sprains
The most common of all ankle injuries, an ankle sprain occurs when there is a stretching and tearing of ligaments surrounding the ankle joint.  

Anterior Cruciate Ligament(ACL) Injuries
ACL partial or complete tears can occur when an athlete changes direction rapidly, twists without moving the feet, slows down abruptly, or misses a landing from a jump  

A fluid-filled sack on the surface of the skin that commonly occurs on the hands, or the feet.  

Clavicle Fractured (Broken Shoulder)
A shoulder fracture typically refers to a total or partial break to either the clavicle (collar bone) or the neck of the humerus (arm bone). It generally is from an impact injury, such as a fall or blow to the shoulder  

A concussion is typically caused by a severe head trauma where the brain moves violently within the skull so that brain cells all fire at once, much like a seizure.  

Delayed-Onset Muscle Soreness
Muscle pain, stiffness or soreness that occurs 24-48 hours after unaccustomed, or particularly intense exercise.  

Hamstring Pull, Tear, or Strain
Hamstring injuries are common among runners. The hamstring muscles run down the back of the leg from the pelvis to the lower leg bones, and an injury can range from minor strains to total rupture of the muscle.  

Knee Pain
Knee pain is extremely common in athletes. In order to treat the cause of the pain, it is important to have an evaluation and proper diagnosis. Common reasons for knee pain in athletes include the following.  

Iliotibial (IT) Band Friction Syndrome
Knee pain that is generally felt on the outside (lateral) aspect of the knee or lower thigh often indicates Iliotibial (IT) Band Friction Syndrome.  

Muscle Cramps
A cramp is a sudden, tight and intense pain caused by a muscle locked in spasm. You can also recognize a muscle cramp as an involuntary and forcibly contracted muscle that does not relax.  

Overtraining Syndrome
Overtraining syndrome frequently occurs in athletes who are training for competition or a specific event and train beyond the body’s ability to recover.  

Plantar Fasciitis
Plantar fasciitis is the most common cause of pain on the bottom of the heel and usually defined by pain during the first steps of the morning.  

Shin Splints
Shin Splints describes a variety of generalized pain that occurs in the front of the lower leg along the tibia (shin bone). Shin Splints are considered a cumulative stress injury.  

Shoulder Tendinitis, Bursitis, and Impingement Syndrome
These conditions similar and often occur together. If the rotator cuff and bursa are irritated, inflamed, and swollen, they may become squeezed between the head of the humerus and the acromion.  

These are acute injuries that vary in severity but usually result in pain, swelling, bruising, and loss of the ability to move and use the joint.  

Stress Fracture
Stress fractures in the leg are often the result of overuse or repeated impacts on a hard surface  

Tennis Elbow (Lateral Epicondylitis)
The number one reason people see their doctor for elbow pain. It is considered a cumulative trauma injury that occurs over time from repeated use of the muscles of the arm and forearm that lead to small tears of the tendons.  

Torn Rotator Cuff
A common symptom of a rotator cuff injury is aching, and weakness in the shoulder when the arm is lifted overhead.


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